*White mushrooms are also called common mushrooms, table mushrooms, button mushrooms, etc.
*These are young immature mushrooms with a white colored closed cap and firm flesh. This firm white flesh stains a pale pink color when bruised.
*Some people believe that the white mushrooms are less flavorful than their brown counterparts.
*There is a short cylindrical stipe attached to the underside of the cap.
*The gills present on the underside of the cap are narrow, crowded and free.
*Buying and storage: Select mushrooms that are firm, plump, and clean without any bruises, soft, or wet slimy spots. Store fresh mushrooms in the refrigerator, either in a loosely closed paper bag, wrapped in a damp cloth or laid out in a glass dish covered with a moist cloth to prevent them from losing moisture. Fresh mushrooms keep well for up to one week when stored in the refrigerator. Dried mushrooms should be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator or freezer, where they will stay fresh for six months to one year.
Is it raw?
Yes and No.
*Yes, if picked fresh or if it says raw or sundried on the package.
*No, canned mushrooms at the supermarkets are processed and not raw.
Make sure you read the label.
1. Brown mushrooms are low in calories, carbohydrates, fats and provide good amount of dietary fiber and protein.
2. Good source of dietary fiber. Contrary to the popular notion, beans have more fiber than most fruits and vegetables. It is a good source of both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber.
3. It has absolutely no cholesterol and saturated fats.
4. Excellent source of vitamins riboflavin and niacin, and a very good source of other B-vitamins. These play a significant role in various metabolic reactions.
5. Moderate source of vitamin D, one of the very few food sources of vitamin D.
6. Very good source of copper. It reduces the risk of inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, and enhances the activity of enzymes that are needed to maintain the elasticity of blood vessels, ligaments and joints.
7. Very good source of selenium which has antioxidant properties and is effective in neutralizing the free radicals in our body.
8. Moderate source of zinc, which enhances the body's immune function and improves wound healing.
9. Mushrooms have a protective effect against degenerative diseases like Alzheimers’ and age-related decline in cognitive function.
10. Mushrooms are a good source of various nutrients involved in the detoxification process. Thus they reduce the risk of various inflammatory, degenerative and cardiovascular diseases, and promote optimal health.